ERIC Number: ED442616
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Reference Count: N/A
Team Building through Physical Challenges.
Gibbons, Sandra L.
The enhancement of positive self-concept has been identified as a key benefit of participation in team-building programs. This paper reviews research on the impact of team-building activities that include demanding physical challenges on the self-concept of physical education students. Team Building through Physical Challenges (TBPC) is a program comprised of a series of 22 Outward Bound-type problem-solving tasks that can be readily incorporated into a physical education setting. For any individual to succeed, the entire group must master each task. Program developers contend that TBPC provides significant physical and social challenges, as well as problem-solving tasks, and therefore should lead to improved self-concepts related to self-worth, athletic competence, social acceptance, and scholastic competence. Studies of Outward Bound showed improvement in participants' self-concept in domains related to program goals. Studies of team-building activities in elementary and secondary physical education settings found no significant treatment effects. Two recent studies of the TBPC program with middle school students in physical education settings found that participation increased student perceptions of athletic competence and global self-worth, but that effects were significantly greater for males than females. An ongoing research project will assess the effects of TBPC on student self-concept in an all-female physical education class. (Contains 14 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Adventure Education, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Group Dynamics, Outdoor Education, Physical Education, Problem Solving, Self Concept, Student Attitudes, Team Training, Teamwork
Full text at Web site: http://www.educ.uvic.ca/connections.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A