ERIC Number: ED442602
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-May
Development and Validation of Successful Writing Program Indicators Based on Research in Continuously Improving and Continuously Declining Schools: Report of the Kentucky State Writing Project. Study of Writing Instruction in Kentucky Schools.
Coe, Pamelia; Keyes, Marian; Meehan, Merrill; Orletsky, Sandra; Lewis, Starr; Rigney, Sue; Runge, Claudia; Whitaker, Julia
In 1995, a 5-year collaborative research and development project began examining conditions and practices in Kentucky schools that are linked most strongly with improvement in a school's writing score on the statewide portfolio assessment. An examination of over 1,200 schools with complete writing portfolio scores for 1992-96 identified 42 schools with consistently improving scores and 18 with consistently declining scores. Site visits were conducted at 29 of these schools (22 with improving scores and 7 with declining scores). Schools selected for site visits included elementary, middle, and high schools; were located primarily in rural areas and small towns; and reflected the state's geographic and socioeconomic makeup as well as the three writing-accountable grade levels (4, 8, and 12). Over 100 teachers, 200 randomly selected students, and 50 administrators were interviewed. Qualitative analyses of the site visit reports yielded 36 indicators that discriminated between improving and declining schools. Statistical analysis revealed that consistently improving schools had significantly higher scores on 35 of 36 indicators. The indicators include measures of administrative support, quality of professional development, family and community involvement, and various instructional strategies. Each of the indicators is described, including narrative guidelines for high, medium, and low scores and examples drawn from site visit reports. The value of students as informants, the benefits of collaborative research, and recommendations for dissemination and replication are discussed. (Contains 13 references.) (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: AEL, Inc., Charleston, WV.; Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.
Identifiers - Location: Kentucky