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ERIC Number: ED442556
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Parents' Education and Features of Parent-Adolescent Relationships as Predictors of Adolescents' Academic Performance.
Nuijens, Karen; Mrozak, Kate; Zhe, Elizabeth; Chadha, Jagdeep; Tillman, Jamie; Repinski, Daniel; Zook, Joan
This study employed self-reports from seventh- and tenth-graders to examine parents' level of education and features of parent-adolescent relationships as predictors of adolescents' academic performance. Features of parent-adolescent relationships were assessed as follows: mothers' and fathers' influence with respect to academic performance, subjective closeness with mothers and with fathers, and positive and negative emotions experienced in relationships with mothers and fathers. Adolescents' academic performance was assessed by grade point average, academic functioning, and academic motivation. Findings showed stronger associations between the predictors and the criteria for participants in the tenth grade. In addition, features of adolescents' relationships with mothers, as compared to those with fathers, were more consistently correlated with tenth-graders' academic performance. Overall, prediction of academic performance for the tenth-grade sample was highly related to affective features of parent-adolescent relationships, and academic functioning was the most consistently predicted criterion. Parents' education was not as strong a predictor as expected. However, mothers' education was found to be a significant, negative predictor of tenth-graders' academic motivation. (Author/EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Baltimore, MD, March 2000).