ERIC Number: ED442468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr-28
Reference Count: N/A
Improved Attribution Recall from Diversification of Environmental Context during Computer-Based Instruction.
Yi-Wilson, Julie C.
Spatial context can be expected to play an important role in computer-based instruction and distance education using PC terminals because these types of computer-mediated instruction often occur in a restricted environment such as one's home or office. These settings, while convenient, are often isolated and lack diverse spatial cues. Fundamental research studies suggest this should result in negative effects for memory. This study investigated whether diversifying the setting in which computers are used as instructional tools would address this problem by creating more cues for retrieval of information. Participants (n=71) read three computer-based instructional units, each describing a different city. These city units were presented on a computer in a single site or in three diverse sites. The three learning sites were made more visually distinct on several dimensions, including decorative arrangements. All participants were tested for attribution recall at a new neutral site. Results confirmed the prediction that diversification of computerized learning sites improves recall, i.e., participants in the diversified learning sites performed better on the attribution memory test than students in a single learning site. Individual differences in sensitivity to background cues, as measured by the Group Embedded Figures Test, were not found to interact with test performance. (Author/MES)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Group Embedded Figures Test