ERIC Number: ED442452
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Statistical Profile of the Differences between Undergraduate Women in Guam and Japan: Their Status Aspirations and Occupational Ethics.
This study sought to better understand the academic and social aspirations of undergraduate women in Guam and Japan. A survey question examined whether significant differences existed between Guamanian and Japanese undergraduate women in status aspirations and occupational ethics and in their life course selection. The questionnaire's five sections included: academic and social aspirations, gender equality in employment and work ethics, self-evaluation, life-course selection, and demographic information. Respondents included 111 undergraduates at the University of Guam and 131 undergraduates at two universities in Japan. Multiple regression analyses measured the association of status aspirations with the life course selection. The study found the ranking of status aspirations similar in both groups, but found the magnitude significantly different, with Guamanian women overall aspiring much higher than Japanese women. Similarly, in measures for occupational ethics, rankings were similar but magnitudes were significantly different. The correlation of variables on the relationship of life course selection with status aspirations was moderate. For Guamanian women, the contributing factors were getting married and having a child; for Japanese women, having a profitable job and becoming a mentor for the next generation were the contributing factors. The questionnaire is appended. (Contains approximately 45 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Cultural Influences, Expectation, Family Work Relationship, Females, Feminism, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Japanese, Job Satisfaction, Life Satisfaction, Occupational Aspiration, Personal Autonomy, Quality of Life, Quality of Working Life, Questionnaires, Self Actualization, Sociocultural Patterns, Student Characteristics, Student Motivation, Tables (Data), Values, Womens Education, Work Ethic
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Guam Univ., Mangilao. Graduate School and Research Council.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Guam; Japan