ERIC Number: ED442332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
The Purposes and Functions of Policy: Plans, Programs, and Decisions.
This documents consists of two monographs, first published in 1973 and 1975, which examine the purpose and functions of institutional policy in dealing with the problems and issues affecting higher education. Their focus is conceptual, and the discussion looks to the philosophical, historical, and sociocultural underpinnings of institutional policy. The first monograph examines public policymaking process as it relates to administration, legislation, ideology, and theory, and also with policy functions and issues, examining planning, decision-making, and programs as functions of policy. The second monograph examines technological change, such as systems analysis, operations research, and management science, and its affect on policy. Two models for reconciling the basic conflict between technology and public policy are offered. The first is a six-step synoptic model for general problem solving; the second heuristic model for political decision making is a group process in which the center of the model is the target for participants in the decision-making process and the action is an interchange rather than a sequential process. The paper concludes that while either model can be effective under some circumstances, the magnitude and complexity of problems to be solved require the complementary features of both models. (Contains 9 endnotes and 39 references.) (CH)
Descriptors: Administration, Agenda Setting, Decision Making, Governance, Heuristics, Higher Education, Institutional Role, Management Information Systems, Models, Organizational Objectives, Participative Decision Making, Policy, Policy Analysis, Policy Formation, Strategic Planning
University of Georgia, Institute of Higher Education, 212 Meigs Hall, Athens, GA 30602-1772. Tel: 706-542-3464.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens. Inst. of Higher Education.