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ERIC Number: ED442298
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jul-10
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Bottom-to-Top versus the Redundancy Models: A Comparison of Two Four-Semester Sequences in Spanish.
Garrott, Carl L.
This study provides some evidence of significant differences between the Redundancy and Bottom-to-Top Models in sequencing four-semester elementary and intermediate Spanish courses using the ACT Spanish Test Form 1 as the dependent variable. T-test results of independent samples (unequal variances model) were 0.056. Results also indicated that there were no significant differences in measures of interview tasks among second language subjects after the four-semester sequence in Spanish. The investigator found that both university sites adhered to American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages guidelines, therefore subjects scored similarly on the Oral Proficiency Interview (OPI). The study also found that at the end of the four-semester sequence, subjects scored Intermediate Mid (IM) on the OPI and confirmed previous research in French and German study using undergraduate subjects and high school students after 4 years of Spanish study. (Contains 19 references.) (KFT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A