ERIC Number: ED442292
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Language Education of Language Minority Students in the United States. The Six Nation Education Research Project. The United States: A Country Report.
Hornberger, Nancy H.; Harsch, Leslie; Evans, Bruce
Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v15 n1 spec iss Fall 1999
The United States has at least three historically established patterns of language use: English monolingualism, multilingualism, and bilingualism. The United States could best be described at present as a multilingual nation in which English is the dominant language. English is promoted to varying degrees, but linguistic diversity is tolerated. The purposes of this highly descriptive report are twofold. First, American linguistic diversity and language policy are surveyed to provide some of the important contexts and conditions of language education for language minority students. Second, in the process of examining the policy and processes of bilingual and English-as-a-Second-Language programs, the educational characteristics of language minority speakers, those students designated as limited English proficient (LEP) are detailed in depth. A set of research questions is developed, and these questions are framed within the context of the Six Nation Education Research Project. These questions focus on how schools structure opportunities and incentives for language minority learners to acquire language and literacy and consider such things as ways to focus on the learner, how to account for economics and the sociopolitical context of language, the effects of national educational policies, and what policy modifications would enhance these opportunities and incentives. Numerous data-rich tables and figures give a thorough picture of American linguistic diversity and language policies, providing a solid framework for framing the research questions. Two appendices and an extensive bibliography are included. (Contains 99 references.) (KFT)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education Programs, Bilingualism, Elementary Secondary Education, English (Second Language), Language Attitudes, Language Minorities, Limited English Speaking, Monolingualism, Multilingualism, Public Policy, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Sociolinguistics
Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania, 3700 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104 ($4). Tel: 215-898-3288.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia. Graduate School of Education.
Note: Produced with the assistance of Melisa Cahnmann. Published biannually.