ERIC Number: ED442248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
A Reasoning Taxonomy for Gifted Education.
This paper presents a reasoning taxonomy to explain reasoning objectives, strategies, and habits available to the advanced thinker. It begins by explaining the first part of the taxonomy, objectives of reasoning, including the need for skilled thinkers to reason with a purpose and to understand how the world works so that they can engage with it. Skilled thinkers use their knowledge and skills to make plans, to solve problems, and to communicate with others. They are able to make recommendations to others and provide reasons for them. The second part of the taxonomy, reasoning strategies, is then described. Reasoning strategies of gifted thinkers include the analysis and evaluation of ideas and arguments, the categorization and relating of items of knowledge, the movement from issue to questions to proposition, the consideration of evidence, and the employment of moral reasoning. The final section of the taxonomy, reasoning dispositions, posits that good reasoners value open-mindedness, objectivity, intellectual integrity, and impartiality and habitually practice metacognition. (Contains 43 references.) (CR)
Descriptors: Adults, Children, Classification, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluative Thinking, Gifted, Individual Characteristics, Metacognition, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills
For full text: http://www.nexus.edu.au/teachstud/gat/jewell.htm.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A