ERIC Number: ED442217
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
A History of Special Education in Nashville, Tennessee, 1940-1990. Final Report.
This review of the history of special education in Nashville, Tennessee, from 1940 to 1990 focuses on two issues: first, how advocacy for children with disabilities and research changed the practice of special education after World War II in Nashville; and second, how the internal dynamics of the schools in Nashville shaped special education during this period. The review involved more than two dozen oral history interviews and examination of archival material such as hundreds of newspaper articles. The review concludes that both research and advocacy have been particularly important in program development within the Nashville public school systems, especially when pilot programs could be established with minimal disruption to organizational routines. The influence of research and advocacy on specific pedagogy, both teaching methods and quality of teachers, was more difficult to ascertain since experimental programs were often dependent on existing teachers who lacked necessary training. Individual sections address: successful long-term influences, influences without clear success, and the greater success of pilot programs outside existing public schools. A concluding section addresses the importance of developing the teaching skills of general education teachers if special education is to be effective. A list of papers and presentations by the author is appended. (DB)
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Disabilities, Educational History, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Pilot Projects, Private Schools, Public Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Skills, Trend Analysis
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee (Nashville)