ERIC Number: ED442048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Historical Context: The Relationship of Computer Technologies and Counseling.
Granello, Paul F.
There has been a growing relationship between the profession of counseling and computers over the last four decades. The focus in the 1950s and 1960s was on producing programs that could emulate a human therapist and computer-aided instruction. In the 1970s and 1980s computing technology was utilized primarily for counseling intervention and service management as well as counselor education and supervision. However, not until the 1990s has the number of counselors and counselor educators involved with using computers grown to represent the actual adoption of the technology by the profession. In looking to the future, computers will, in all likelihood, continue to have an impact not only on the counseling profession but also in a wider sense on our culture and human identity itself. Counselors are socially sanctioned healers and as such they may have a role that goes beyond simple use of a technology; they may have a role in understanding the impact of that technology on society. Because humans like to apply anthropomorphism to machines, counselors must be careful in the future not to do the reverse and apply mechanomorphism to their clients and students. Perhaps the greatest challenge to the counseling profession will be not only to exploit the benefits of the computer/counseling relationship, but also to advocate for the use of computer technology by the society as a whole in ways that protect rather than diminish human freedom and dignity. (Contains 38 references.) (MKA)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computers, Context Effect, Counseling, Counselor Role, Counselor Training, History, Internet, Intervention, Management Systems, Supervision, Technology
American Counseling Association, 5999 Stevenson Ave., Alexandria, VA 22304-3300 ($29.95). Also available through ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 201 Ferguson Building, P.O. Box 26171, Greensboro, NC 27402-6171; Tel: 800-414-9769 (Toll Free); Fax: 336-334-4116; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://ericcass.uncg.edu.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A