ERIC Number: ED441995
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Development of Standards in Vocational Education and Training: Specification, Experience, Examples, July 1999 (Reprinted with Updates 2000). Manual. Volume 2. Qualifications and Training Methods.
Laur-Ernst, Ute; Kunzmann, Margaret; Hoene, Bernd
An extension of the 1999 Manual, "Development of Standards in Vocational Education and Training," this second volume presents the key terms and attitudes, reports on experience and knowledge in standards development collected in recent years on the basis of questions raised during the process, and suggests how to deal with the problems encountered. A large part of this second volume is taken up with contributions from four Member States of the European Union: France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, outlining the development of standards in vocational training in their countries. Part 4, "Development of Vocational Standards in Western Europe," has the authors: Annie Bouder and Jean-Louis Kirsch, who represent France; Hermann Schmidt, who represents Germany; Ties Pauwels and Anneke Westerhuis, who represent the Netherlands; and Bob Mansfield, who represents the United Kingdom. This manual focuses on specifications for qualification standards, competence, curriculum, modularization, and modules. It also highlights experience and recommendations from the countries studied as well as discusses these three models: outcome-based, occupation, and modular. In addition, the manual includes discussions on the following: (1) the orientation of vocational education towards the needs of industry and the labor marker; (2) the need for personal as well as occupational development; and (3) cooperation between the state and the social partners in the planning and implementation of vocational education and training. Twenty-four references and a glossary of terms are included. (KC)
Descriptors: Cooperative Programs, Curriculum Development, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Government School Relationship, Labor Force Development, Material Development, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Standards, Vocational Education
For full text: http://www.etf.eu.int/etfweb.nsf/pages/vetdown/$file/ dev-standards-volume2-2.pdf.
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: European Training Foundation, Turin (Italy).
Authoring Institution: German Federal Inst. for Vocational Training Affairs, Berlin (Germany).
Identifiers - Location: France; Germany; Netherlands; United Kingdom