ERIC Number: ED441955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Financing of Vocational Education and Training in Sweden. Financing Portrait. CEDEFOP Panorama.
This publication charts and analyzes vocational education and training (VET) funding in Sweden in 1997 with some comparisons back to the late 1980s. Description of the Swedish system for vocational education and training (VET) is complicated, since there is no natural distinction between VET and general education. All initial vocational training is provided within the upper secondary school system and is more than 99 percent financed with public money. Continuing vocational training (CVT) has played a central role in Swedish labor market policy. It includes municipal adult education, folk high schools, staff training, qualified vocational education (QVE), and other continuing VET. Almost all CVT is financed with public money. Financial incentives for enterprises to invest in CVT are publicly financed provisions for vocational training courses, free municipal adult education, and wage costs for the temporary employee within the temporary replacement scheme that entitle employers to a tax reduction. Folk high school students pay their own board and lodging; QVE students are entitled to study grants, while enterprises pay the expenses of the workplace training part. Employment training is totally publicly financed. Combined training programs--schemes that cross traditional training boundaries--are job rotation and educational leave replacement. In the future, Sweden must focus on the current inequity on CVT--well-educated people receive extensive CVT; poorly educated receive very little. (Appendixes include abbreviations and a glossary and a 31-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, Developed Nations, Educational Finance, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Secondary Education, Unemployment, Vocational Education
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Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: Sweden