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ERIC Number: ED441954
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 88
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-92-828-8952-1
The Financing of Vocational Education and Training in Spain. Financing Portrait. CEDEFOP Panorama.
Oroval, Esteve; Torres, Teresa
This report describes the funding of vocational education and training (VET) between 1986 and 1998. In Spain, VET is governed by many laws and agreements between the government and social partners. Spain receives structural funds through the European Social Fund (ESF) and European Regional Development Funds (ERDF). Financing of initial vocational training (regulated vocational training and social guarantee programs) is entirely direct. Regulated vocational training is funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC), divisions or departments of the autonomous communities, local authorities, private funds, and structural funds. Social guarantee programs are funded by MEC, autonomous communities, non-profit institutions, and ESF. All workers have access to training through two national continuing training agreements (ANFCs). Created by the ANFC signatories, the Foundation for Continuing Training (FORCEM) supplies financial support for the following training activities: training plans, individual training leave, and complementary and follow-up measures to training. Continuing training is funded by a training levy, ESF, and private contributions. Unemployed persons participate in National Vocational Training and Occupational Integration Plan (Plan FIP), training workshops/crafts training center programs, and European Union (EU) employment initiatives funded from the levy and ESF. A third reform of the objectives of the EU's structural funds will lead to considerable changes in Spain, since the volume of resources from the structural funds will decline. (Appendixes include a glossary of abbreviations and 27-item bibliography.) (YLB)
Bernan Associates, 4611-F Assembly Drive, Lanham, MD 20706-4391. Tel: 800-274-4447; e-mail:, Web site: (No. 5102 EN, free).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki (Greece).
Identifiers - Location: Spain