ERIC Number: ED441916
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
An Overview of Research on Girls and Violence. Choices Briefs, Number 1.
The summary of research in this brief is, for the most part, guided by the work of M. Chesney-Lind and her associates. Overall, the brief reviews the extent of girls' delinquency and violence, the ways they differ from boys, the contributing factors, and effective program strategies to prevent female delinquency. In 1994, arrests of girls accounted for one-fourth of youth arrests. Although there has been an increase in the arrest rate of girls for violent offenses, this pattern parallels an increase for boys' arrests, and may simply reflect overall changes in youth behavior. When girls do commit violent crimes, they are more likely to use knives than guns, and are more likely to murder someone as a result of conflict than as a consequence of crime. School-related violence by girls, although not inconsequential, is far less likely than violence in school by boys. Abuse and victimization and school failure have been noted as risk factors for girls' violence and aggression. Female gangs make up a relatively small percentage of gangs nationwide, but it has been estimated that girls account for one-third of the youth in gangs in Los Angeles, California. Programs that serve young violent women effectively must take into account girls' status in a gendered society. Unfortunately, the record for funding girl-focused programs or those with components that address delinquent girls' unique needs has not been good. An evaluation of the few existing programs that have been shown to be effective with young women suggests that counseling, educational and occupational support and skill-building, and access to caring adults are important components. (Contains 22 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Metropolitan Life Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. for Urban and Minority Education.