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ERIC Number: ED441892
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Role of Gender in the Crisis at Central High, 1957.
Butler, Judy D.
This paper examines the role of women in the 1957 desegregation of Arkansas's Central High School, using data from interviews with black and white teachers and other prominent community members at the time. The paper shares stories of teachers, students, the Mother's League, the Women's Emergency Community, and Daisy Bates, president of the Arkansas National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It examines the memoirs and diaries of nine black students who noted that ongoing racism was perpetuated by a small number of white troublemakers who would have hassled some other vulnerable group had the black students not been there. Teachers who supported black students coped with regular attacks, ostracism, and firing. Mother's League members were uneducated and racist. Their husbands used them as a front for publicizing their racist ideas. The educated, aggressive Women's Emergency Committee members worked to reopen closed, segregated schools and reinstate fired teachers. Daisy Bates and her husband had their lives threatened, home attacked, and business boycotted. In the end, the authority of the U.S. Supreme Court was upheld and the school was integrated. However, determination to prevent integration kept growing, and the battle raged for 2 more years. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A