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ERIC Number: ED441810
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Achievement Goals and Optimal Motivation: Should We Promote Mastery, Performance, or Both Types of Goals?
Barron, Kenneth E.
Currently there is a debate about the types of achievement goals that promote optimal motivation. A number of theorists argue for a "mastery" goal perspective focusing on the adaptive consequences of mastery goals and the maladaptive consequences of performance goals. Others endorse a "multiple" goal perspective in which both mastery and performance goals can be beneficial. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive test of the mastery versus multiple goal perspective. In study 1, a correlational approach was used to identify the optimal goals for 166 undergraduates to adopt for a learning activity. In study 2, which involved 154 undergraduates, an experimental approach was used to identify the optimal goals to assign for the same activity. Each study reveals benefits of both mastery and performance goals, providing support for a multiple goal perspective. (Contains 6 tables, 5 figures, and 66 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A