ERIC Number: ED441743
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Why Art Education? Academic Implications of Art in Elementary School.
Lopez, David F.; Takiff, Hilary; Kernan, Thomas; Stone, Renee
A study investigated the relationship between arts education and academic achievement. Of specific interest was whether teaching the arts for their own sake influenced academic achievement in language arts and mathematics. It was hypothesized that it would influence children's self-efficacy. The sample consisted of 328 children from grades 2-5. Academic efficacy was measured with the Agency for Effort and Ability subscales of the "Student Perceptions of Control Questionnaire: Academic Domain," while artistic efficacy was measured with an adapted version of the same test. Academic achievement was assessed with teacher-assigned grades for mathematics, science, and reading. A multivariate grade analysis of variance was used to examine possible gender and age-related differences in artistic ability, artistic effort, academic ability, academic effort, and achievement. The new measure of artistic efficacy used in the study did reliably differentiate between beliefs regarding artistic effort and ability. Data clearly showed a strong relationship between academic and artistic efficacy. Findings suggest that there is significant cognitive transfer from arts education to other academic areas. (Contains 4 tables of data and 17 references.) (BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000).