ERIC Number: ED441741
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
By Whom and How Is Service-Learning Implemented in Middle Level Schools: A Study of Opportunity-to-Learn Conditions and Practices.
Seitsinger, Anne M.; Felner, Robert D.
National standards call for increased focus on meaningful teaching and learning that is developmentally appropriate and helps all students reach proficiency not only in basic skills but also in higher order thinking skills and real-world application of skills. Among recommendations for including real-world experiences into students' education is service-learning (SL). The paucity of research and mixed findings on academic outcomes from K-12 SL lead to an examination of opportunity-to-learn conditions and practices in 271 middle-level schools in 16 states involved in documenting school improvement to find out by whom and how SL was implemented. Although most teachers believed SL was essential to effective education, they used the strategies infrequently. Yet a group of teachers did use these strategies on a regular basis. SL was used more regularly by knowledgeable, experienced teachers with more professional knowledge of the national and state curriculum standards and the issues related to adolescent development. Questions for further research include the structural/organizational characteristics of the schools where the strategies of service-learning were used more frequently; the differences, if at all, in the school climate; and the types of decision-making opportunities available to these teachers. (Contains 7 tables of data, 2 figures, 3 endnotes, and 70 references.) (Author/BT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A