ERIC Number: ED441697
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Multiple Views of the Nature of Science and Socio-Scientific Issues.
Walker, Kimberly A.; Zeidler, Dana L.; Simmons, Michael L.; Ackett, Wayne A.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between students' conceptions of the nature of science and their reactions to evidence that challenged their beliefs about socio-scientific issues. The study used 248 students from 9th and 10th grade general science classes, 11th and 12th grade honors biology, honors science, and physics classes, and senior level college preservice science education classes. Students responded to questions aimed at revealing their epistemological views of the nature of science and their belief convictions on selected socio-scientific issues. A smaller sub-set of students was selected based on varying degrees of belief convictions about the socio-scientific issues and selected students paired to discuss their reasoning related to those issues while being exposed to anomalous data and information from each other and in response to epistemological probes of an interviewer. A qualitative design that entailed the derivation of taxonomic categories through discourse analysis utilizing samples of fallacious reasoning, conceptions of science, and sample performance of thought as a result of dialogic interaction was utilized. Additionally, appropriate nonparametric tests were performed to examine whether paired discourse resulted in changing belief convictions. By engaging students in discourse on socio-scientific issues, this study was aimed at elucidating how students' conceptions of the nature of science are reflected in their dialogic reasoning on moral and ethical issues. Taxonomic categories and samples of thought are presented and discussed, and implications for science education are addressed. (Contains 31 references.) (Author/ASK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A