ERIC Number: ED441603
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Early Education and Care: Overlap Indicates Need To Assess Crosscutting Programs. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, Restructuring and the District of Columbia, U.S. Senate.
Shaul, Marnie S.
In response to Congressional requests reflecting the nationwide attention on early childhood education (ECE) and care, the General Accounting Office assessed the federally funded programs that provide or support ECE and care for children under 5 years. Information was obtained by means of an electronic search of the June 1999 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance, using key words associated with ECE and care and an analysis of the programs' descriptions. Questionnaires were used to obtain additional information on a subset of programs. The study found that 69 federal programs provided or supported ECE and care in fiscal year 1999. Twenty-nine programs provided education/care as a program purpose. Of the 21 programs providing data, about half spent 40 percent or more on education/care. These programs targeted three groups of children: economically disadvantaged, children with special needs, and members of certain native populations. The three largest spending programs targeted the economically disadvantaged. When multiple agencies manage multiple ECE and care programs, mission fragmentation and program overlap occur. In order to identify the best method for addressing inefficiencies among fragmented and overlapping programs, policymakers need to know whether programs fill a unique role, are unnecessarily redundant, or are being administered in the most effective way. It was concluded that information required by the Government Performance and Results Act should provide answers to some of these questions. Four appendices include a list of federal programs providing or supporting ECE and care and comments from the Department of Education and Department of Health and Human Services. (KB)
Descriptors: Budgeting, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Efficiency, Eligibility, Federal Programs, Program Administration, Program Descriptions, Public Policy, Social Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, DC 20013 (first copy, free. Additional copies, $2 each). Tel: 202-512-6000; Fax: 202-512-6061; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web Site: http://www.gao.gov.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.