ERIC Number: ED441601
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Transitions in Early Childhood, Middle Childhood, and Early Adolescence: Head Start vs. Public School Pre-Kindergarten Graduates.
Marcon, Rebecca A.
This longitudinal study compared academic performance of Head Start and public school prekindergarten graduates at four educational transitions: (1) kindergarten; (2) first grade; (3) third grade; and (4) fourth and sixth grades. Participating in this study were students in an urban, minority school system providing both Head Start and prekindergarten programs. The average sample size across six grade levels was 180. The sample was 53 percent female and 94 percent African American. Findings revealed no group differences in grade retention or special education placement. In preschool, Head Start children's skill mastery was similar to that of prekindergarten peers except for lower mastery of number skills and pre-reading skills. In kindergarten, Head Start graduates were comparable to prekindergarten graduates except for lower physical skills. Notable differences appeared in first grade with Head Start graduates receiving lower grades in all subject areas. In third grade, Head Start graduates' GPA remained lower than prekindergarten peers, and language difficulties were evident in lower achievement test scores. In fourth and fifth grades, Head Start graduates' academic performance was comparable to prekindergarten graduates except for handwriting. No significant differences were noted in sixth grade achievement test scores. Head Start graduates were successful in all major educational transitions except the transition to first grade. Head Start graduates were more successful than prekindergarten peers in making the transition to fourth grade, showing notable increases in GPA and mathematics, reading, language, and handwriting. Success of Head Start's graduates was explained by exposure to a developmentally appropriate intervention and parental involvement. (Contains 13 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Early Adolescents, Early Childhood Education, Elementary School Students, Grade Point Average, Grade Repetition, Longitudinal Studies, Outcomes of Education, Performance Factors, Preschool Children, Preschool Evaluation, Referral, Transitional Programs, Urban Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A