ERIC Number: ED441549
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
The Economic Benefits of Sub-Baccalaureate Education: Results from the National Studies. CCRC Brief, Number 2.
Grubb, W. Norton
While the economic benefits of the most familiar credentials--high school diplomas and baccalaureate degrees--are well established, the economic benefits are much less clear for other kinds of education and training. This report looks at the economic benefits of sub-baccalaureate education. While community colleges serve many goals and missions, their occupational purposes are central, and virtually all their students enroll to enhance their employment, either directly by completing an associate degree or by later transferring to a four-year college. Therefore, determining their employment effects is crucial to understanding what they accomplish. Issues in sub-baccalaureate education are examined: overall results of recent studies; the effects for minority, displaced, and older students; the effects of credentials by fields of study (certificates, associate degrees, and baccalaureate degrees); the effects of finding related employment; results by types of institutions; the issues of timing; effects on other dimensions of employment; and the reasons for returning to sub-baccalaureate education. There are clear and substantial returns to associate degrees. Labor market projections suggest that sub-baccalaureate education will continue to grow, though not as rapidly as baccalaureate and graduate education, as part of the longer-run process of educational inflation (or advancement) that has taken place throughout this century. It is likely that much of this growth will come from students who fail to complete either two- or four-year colleges, particularly if current patterns continue. (Contains 15 references.) (VWC)
Descriptors: Associate Degrees, Credentials, Education Work Relationship, Educational Benefits, Educational Status Comparison, Employment Potential, Postsecondary Education, Student Educational Objectives
Community College Research Center, Columbia University Teachers College, Box 174, 525 West 120th Street, New York NY 10027.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Note: Based on a longer report entitled, "Learning and Earning in the Middle: The Economic Benefits of Sub-Baccalaureate Education."