ERIC Number: ED441415
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-2: International Standards for Language Codes. ISO 15924: International Standard for Names of Scripts.
Byrum, John D.
This paper describes two international standards for the representation of the names of languages. The first (ISO 639-1), published in 1988, provides two-letter codes for 136 languages and was produced primarily to meet terminological needs. The second (ISO 639-2) appeared in late 1998 and includes three-letter codes for 460 languages. This list addresses terminological needs, as well as bibliographic applications. For this reason, ISO 639-2 is covered in detail. Its features are explained, and principles and policies used for development of this code list are presented. Additionally, the governance mechanism established to maintain ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-2 are described. Also presented is a brief summary regarding a project in progress to provide codes for names of scripts that will result in publication of ISO 15924. The paper concludes that the emergence of an international standard for language codes and of the developing international standard for script codes is a major contribution to Universal Bibliographic Control, as these code lists enable important information regarding the nature of publications represented by records to be communicated and shared unambiguously, efficiently, and internationally. (Author/MES)
For full text: http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla65/papers/099-155e.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A