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ERIC Number: ED441369
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Higher Education: In Search of Access and Scholarship.
Walker, David A.
This report presents a brief historical review of how American higher education has attempted to develop potential by adhering to the foundations of its educational mission: access and scholarship. Higher education has accomplished its mission by expanding in areas such as diversity in enrollment and educational legislation to provide access to underrepresented groups such as women and students of color, as well as international students. Admission of women into full bachelor programs dates to 1833. The first admission of an African-American student to a "Colonial nine" school was in 1774 at Princeton; other institutions followed suit during the 1800s. It was this access to study and scholarship that permitted Booker T. Washington to be the first African-American to found a higher education institutions, Tuskegee Institute in 1881. The first reported international student enrolled at Yale in 1784; by the 1800s international students often enrolled at Yale and Harvard. In the early 1900s junior colleges, now known as community colleges, were founded to offer local, two-year postsecondary education. Legislation, including the 19th century Morrill Acts, which established the land-grant colleges, as well as 20th century legislation such as the higher education acts signed between 1944 and 1958 and the Civil Rights Act of l954, have all to helped expand access and diversity. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A