ERIC Number: ED441351
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Critical Literacy for Adult Literacy in Language Learners. ERIC Digest.
Van Duzer, Carol; Florez, MaryAnn Cunningham
This digest examines critical literacy and discusses why it is important to include it in instruction for adults learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Critical literacy takes learners beyond the development of basic literacy skills such as decoding, predicting, and summarizing and asks them to become critical consumers of the information they receive. Because texts often presuppose cultural knowledge, social attitudes, or the views of a particular segment of society, adult English language learners can benefit from instruction that helps them draw on their background knowledge and look critically at texts. Both beginning level and advanced adult ESL learners can participate in activities that develop critical literacy skills. A teacher might add a few questions or a different perspective to the activities already being used in class. Opportunities for comparison to what these learners already know about a subject should be investigated. Several practical suggestions for how to build critical literacy skill building exercises into the ESL curriculum are provided. Critical literacy instruction encourages learners to engage information sources more thoroughly and to question social contexts, purposes, and the possible effects of these facts on their lives, and also to examine their own opinions, biases, and perceptions of reality. (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education) (KFT)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Classroom Techniques, Critical Thinking, English (Second Language), Literacy, Literacy Education, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Teaching Methods
For full text: http://www.cal.org/ncle/DIGESTS.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.