ERIC Number: ED441251
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Spelling Strategies Used by High and Low Performing First Grade Students.
Kiesser, Traci L.
The purpose of this study was to determine what essential skills and spelling strategies first grade students use when spelling grade level and above grade level words and to determine whether students actually use strategies taught during spelling instruction. Eight first-grade students of varying spelling performance levels, including English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) spellers, were engaged in spelling tasks, alphabet recognition, blending, and segmentation tests and were asked questions regarding their perceptions of various aspects of spelling. Student writing samples were collected and analyzed using the "First Steps Spelling Developmental Continuum" (1994) to help clearly profile each student's level of development. The data from the study showed that students of all performance levels, including ESL students, rely on letter sounds to spell both grade level and above grade level words. Low performing spellers also identified word families as a second strategy when spelling grade level words. The data also revealed that both low performing and high performing students relied on multiple strategies when spelling words. The reading program strongly influenced the spelling strategies used by students. Appendixes contain spelling lists, interview questions, assessment instruments, 2 charts of data, and student spelling samples. (Contains 33 references.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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