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ERIC Number: ED441228
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Pages: 45
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Phonological Awareness Instruction To Prevent Reading Failure: A Study of the Benefits of Commercially Produced Phonics Software to Phonological Awareness Instruction.
Blanchard, Pamela Snyder
A study compared the benefits of phonological awareness instruction along with and without a phonics computer software program to improve phonological and reading skills in elementary students with mild mental disabilities. During the eight weeks of the study in the fall of 1999, elementary resource students were taught phonological awareness skills using intensive instruction in the "Herman Method for Reversing Reading Failure," the "Phonological Awareness Book," and other reading activities. The 31 students in the study were randomly divided into control and treatment groups. After the core reading activity, while the treatment group used the Davidson Company "Phonics" computer software program, the control group did a different supplemental reading activity with other computer software programs, reading/language games, worksheets, or free reading. Two tests were used as the pretests and posttests for the study. All scores were averaged together for the final pretest and posttest scores. The statistical analysis for this study focused on the mean scores of the posttests of the two groups (control and treatment) at the end of the study. Results indicated no statistical significance between the posttest scores of the treatment group using the Davidson "Phonics" computer software program and those for the control group that used other supplemental reading activities. Both groups did equally well in progressing in reading skills during this study. This may be a positive endorsement for the "Phonics" software because these students did equally well as students receiving closer teacher supervision during supplemental activities. Findings suggest the phonological awareness instruction definitely benefited all the students even though the computer software appeared to provide no additional benefit in comparison to other supplemental activities. (Contains 56 references, and 3 tables and 2 figures of data. Appendixes contain permission letters.) (RS)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A