ERIC Number: ED441066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Mentoring School-Age Children: Relationship Development in Community-Based and School-Based Programs.
Herrera, Carla; Sipe, Cynthia L.; McClanahan, Wendy S.
This study explored the experiences of volunteers and the development of relationships within the two largest contingents of one-on-one mentoring programs: community-based programs and school-based programs. The emphases of school-based programs were studied, along with the quality of developed relationships between youth and mentors and the benchmarks programs can use to ensure optimal development of supportive relationships. A survey was completed by 1,101 mentors in 98 mentoring programs. Mentors in school-based programs were found to spend more time working on academics or doing homework with their mentees. Mentors in school-based programs were of many ages, but mentors in community-based programs were almost all aged 22 to 49. School-based programs delivered fewer contact hours but were also slightly less expensive to conduct. Over 90% of mentors in both types of programs said that they felt close to their mentees, but more community-based mentors felt "very close" to their mentees. Nine factors that provide benchmarks of developing relationships were: (1) engaging in social activities; (2) engaging in academic activities; (3) number of hours per month spent together; (4) decision-making shared by mentor and mentee; (5) prematch training; (6) postmatch training; (7) mentor screening (only important relationship development in community-based programs); (8) matching; and (9) age of the mentee. Results suggest that a school-based approach to providing disadvantaged youth with volunteer mentors is a promising complement to the traditional community-based mentoring model. Practices that facilitate the development of mentor-mentee relationships are reviewed. Appendixes contain a list of members of the Public Policy Council of the National Mentoring Partnership and a discussion of study methodology. (Contains 10 tables and 20 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Public/Private Ventures, Philadelphia, PA.