ERIC Number: ED441020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr-24
Cost Perception and the Expectancy-Value Model of Achievement Motivation.
Anderson, Patricia N.
The expectancy-value model of achievement motivation, first described by J. Atkinson (1957) and refined by J. Eccles and her colleagues (1983, 1992, 1994) predicts achievement motivation based on expectancy for success and perceived task value. Cost has been explored very little. To explore the possibility that cost is different from expectancy and exerts its own influence on achievement motivation, 55 graduate students were surveyed about their inclination to attend the conference of the American Educational Research Association, held in their city. They were asked about their expectancy and economic, time, and psychological costs. Cost was a readily identifiable factor in participants' consideration of conference attendance, and the three categories formed distinct concepts for participants. When the attitudes of the seven students who did attend the conference, and those of the seven who thought they would, but did not, were examined, achievement choice of men was seen to be relatively unaffected by value or cost, and achievement choice of women was significantly related to attainment value. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000).