ERIC Number: ED440968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Teachers and Change: Examining the Literature.
Meister, Denise G.
This paper synthesizes the literature on educational change that analyzes why reform is so difficult for teachers to implement and how schools can alleviate some of the difficulties in order to ensure effectiveness. The first section explains difficulties with educational change and details barriers to change. Barriers include lack of time in the work day; intensification of teachers' work; conflict; and school culture. The second section focuses on implementation of change, highlighting the importance of vision building; professional development; administrative support and leadership; and assessment and continuance of change implementation. The paper concludes that real change represents a serious personal and collective experience characterized by ambivalence and uncertainty, and if it works out, change can result in a sense of mastery, accomplishment, and professional growth. It is imperative to understand that teachers: have different understandings of change, have personal and professional needs, need appropriate and adequate resources, need inservice training and continuous support, and want to be trusted and seen as capable professionals. Change must be a negotiated process viewed as a journey by individuals who have highly personal views and levels of understanding. (Contains 38 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 24-28, 2000).