ERIC Number: ED440801
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jun
Career Guidance Programs in Rural Schools: Framework for the Future.
McFarland, William P.
Students in rural areas need strong career guidance programs to help them overcome disadvantages related to poverty, isolation, and scarcity of occupational opportunities and role models. A survey of career guidance programs in rural schools examined three essential program components identified in national guidelines. These components are a program's focus on student self-knowledge, occupational exploration, and lifelong career planning; program collaboration, articulation, and communication with parents, community, faculty, and businesses; and program leadership, evaluation, and institutional support. Responses were received from 108 rural schools enrolling fewer than 555 students and located in 12 Midwestern states. Most career guidance programs were not comprehensive K-12 programs. Sixty percent of schools reported that less than one-third of counselor time was devoted to career guidance. Counselors helped students achieve self-understanding through assessment of interests and aptitudes. Counselors infused information about careers into the school curriculum, and they facilitated the career decision-making of students through counseling and the use of computer-based career exploration programs. Commonly used collaboration methods included parent conferences, consultation with other school departments, and the involvement of local businesses in special events. Counselors reported adequate institutional support for professional development and program facilities and also reported the use of multiple program evaluation methods. Several exemplary career guidance programs are described. (Contains 16 references and the survey questionnaire.) (SV)
Descriptors: Career Education, Career Guidance, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Partnerships in Education, Rural Education, Rural Schools, School Surveys, Small Schools
Illinois Institute for Rural Affairs, Stipes Hall 518, Western Illinois University, 1 University Circle, Macomb, IL 61455-1390. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; For full text: http://www.iira.org/pubs/.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Illinois Univ., Macomb. Illinois Inst. for Rural Affairs.