ERIC Number: ED440777
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-May
The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Self-Esteem: A Literature Review.
Tedesco, Lucyann M.
Cooperative learning involves students working in small groups or teams to help each other learn academic material. Cooperative learning strategies are organized, highly structured methods that usually involve formal presentation of information, student practice and coaching in learning teams, individual assessment of mastery, and public recognition of team success. By their structure and individual assignments, cooperative learning avoids the problem of letting the smart student in the group do the work while the other students get a free ride. The purpose of this literature review is to examine whether there is a difference in student self-esteem when cooperative learning approaches are used in the classroom. Research literature suggests that traditional instruction fails to meet the needs and interests of individual students. The literature also shows that students who work together develop social skills and have an understanding of multiculturalism, human systems, and group and organizational development. They learn to problem solve, negotiate, and be kind to each other. Students not only learn by imitating, but by taking an active part in their learning. Self-esteem is improved due to positive peer relations and to improved academic achievement. The intergroup relationships, the acceptance of diversity, and the appreciation for peer contributions build self-esteem and commitment to the common good. In addition, frequent opportunities to engage in peer and self-evaluation give students valuable self-esteem and the practice they need to become effective judges of healthy group functioning in school, on the job, and at home. (Contains 15 references.) (HTH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Intergroup Relations, Peer Relationship, Self Esteem, Student Attitudes, Student Needs, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Thesis, Dominican College of San Rafael.