ERIC Number: ED440578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Reinforcing Stratification in American Higher Education: Some Disturbing Trends.
McPherson, Michael S.; Schapiro, Morton O.
This report examines the decade of change in the U.S. system of finance for higher education, which has resulted in a set of programs and policies that are highly responsive to the demands of middle- and upper-income families for help but which are less well equipped to respond to the needs of lower-income families for assistance with their college investments. This paper documents this trend and examines the relationship between financing trends and trends in the enrollment patterns of U.S. high school students (e.g., college access and college choice). The paper also comments on the political economy of the developments being documented (e.g., forces that appear to be leading public policy in the directions identified and circumstances that might produce a different, and perhaps more favorable, outlook for financing policy). The paper concludes that, in most circumstances, when colleges and universities get more revenue, the result is that they do more social good. It claims that the intrinsic benefits of college to students are of at least as much importance as the gain in relative position that accrues from college education. (Contains 14 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Bound Students, College Choice, Educational Finance, Enrollment Trends, Federal Aid, Financial Support, High School Students, Higher Education, Low Income Groups, Paying for College, Social Stratification, State Aid, Student Financial Aid, Tuition
National Center for Postsecondary Improvement, Stanford University, School of Education, 520 Galvez Mall, 508 CERAS, Stanford, CA 94305-3084 ($5). Tel: 650-723-7724.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Postsecondary Improvement, Stanford, CA.