ERIC Number: ED440464
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Inter-State and Intra-State Disparities in Districts' Per-Pupil Revenues for Public School Education: A Summary of Some of the Results of a Recent U.S. Department of Education Publication.
Marshak, John J.
This paper summarizes the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) report, "Inequalities in Public School District Revenues." It focuses on: (1) the total dollar amounts of school-district revenues (federal, state, and local); (2) variations in total revenues available to local school districts within a state expressed in the 5th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 95th percentiles; and (3) the equity of distribution among the various states. Most of the data used in the NCES report date from the early 1990s. After brief descriptions of inter-state disparities, intra-state disparities, and equity in per-pupil-funding within a state, the paper states that the dollars available for education are neither equally not equitably distributed to school districts. Except for the equity enforced by the U.S. Congress through the supplemental funding it provides, states have pursued their own course in the allocation of funds for local schools. However, states typically have an "equal protect" clause in their state constitutions, and it has been this tenet that has led school districts or coalitions of districts to sue state legislatures for a more equitable share of the monies; the responsibility for equity rests with these legislatures. An appendix summarizes the data. (RJM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of History and Philosophy of Education (Norman, OK, September 23-25, 1999).