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ERIC Number: ED440311
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Spirituality and Multicultural Counseling: A Generic Model and Discussion.
Lemire, David
Spirituality is an important aspect of counseling. This paper identifies spirituality as a task that is a journey universal to human beings. It presents a taxonomy of spirituality/consciousness developed by Render and Lemire, postulating five levels of taxonomy: self, others, groups, the world, and cosmic. These levels apply across cultural, racial, and ethnic lines and are used to conceptualize the spiritual journey as a five-step process. Step One--Describe the Wound--refers to the counseling issues that are still affecting the individual. The counselor acts as a coach, teacher, mentor, and surrogate parent in the healing relationship. Step Two--Outline the Journey--describes the direction of the path to individuation. Step Three--Attempts to Individuation--explains the efforts and outcomes of initiatives. Step Four--Struggles--involves the understanding of the struggles that take place in life and how the outcomes occurred. Step Five--Individuation/Individuating--refers to how resolutions were made of the struggles. Counselors dealing with multicultural issues can use the five-step model since this approach to spirituality crosses ethnic, cultural, national, and gender lines. The model describes a process with principles of growth and healing for all human beings. (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A