ERIC Number: ED440310
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Approaches by School Counselors To Enhance the Self-Concept of High School Students: A Review of Related Literature.
Easterling, Kathleen G.
This paper reviews the relevant literature on approaches by school counselors to enhance the self-concept of high school students. Seventeen journal articles and five microfiche articles published over a period of five years, between 1991 and 1996, were examined. These reviewed sources were identified through an ERIC search. In an attempt to present a balanced review, both surveys and experimental studies are included. The review is organized into the following subheadings: Parental Awareness, Academic Achievement, Student Programs, and Group Counseling Programs. Much of the research showed no significant relationship between sexual activity or teen parenting and self-esteem. A negative correlation was found between eating disorders and positive self-concept. The research on academic achievement and family situation in regard to self-concept appears to be contradictory. Some researchers found a significant correlation, while others found no correlation. The author notes that continued study in this area would clarify which results are accurate, thereby increasing the data used by school counselors to help enhance the self-concepts of high school students. (Contains 21 references.) (GCP)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A