ERIC Number: ED440257
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Educating the U.S. Army: Arthur L. Wagner and Reform, 1875-1905.
Brereton, T. R.
Arthur Lockwood Wagner, who graduated from West Point in 1876, was one of the best known and most influential U.S. Army officers of his day. An intellectual and educator, Wagner was instrumental in some of the most critical reforms in U.S. Army history. He advocated enhanced military education, adopting modern combat techniques, holding large-scale maneuvers, and developing a new doctrine of combined arms combat. Wagner's prolific writings helped to move the Army from its obsession with the glories of Civil War days to an era of a new professional ethic based on rigorous education and training. He was instrumental in designing curricula for the military educational institutions of his time and in creating new methods of training that included theory as well as practice. Unlike some reformers of his era, however, Wagner remained focused on the Army's role in defending the nation in war and did not become involved in social movements that called for the Army to help in other ways on the domestic front. Although Wagner is best remembered as a tactician, his work did have some effect on American strategy. His best-known book, "Organization and Tactics," focused strategy on the need for offensives. Wagner died in 1905, just before being promoted to brigadier general. (Contains 201 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Armed Forces, Educational History, Federal Government, Military Schools, Military Science, Military Service, Military Training, National Defense, Officer Personnel, Postsecondary Education, War, Weapons
University of Nebraska Press, 312 North 14th Street, P.O. Box 880484, Lincoln, NE 68588-0484 ($45). Tel: 402-472-3581; Fax: 402-472-0308.
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A