ERIC Number: ED440253
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work: Considerations for Adult and Vocational Education Programs. ERIC Digest No. 216.
The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996 has ushered in a new era of welfare reform. A work-first approach emphasizes self-sufficiency designed to move welfare recipients into the workforce as quickly as possible. The first of two issues related to the current context of welfare-to-work programming is legislation and policy. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families created by PRWORA has established greater work requirements for all parents and placed a 5-year lifetime limit on receiving aid. Assumptions underlying the legislation, including those in the words "personal responsibility," imply that poverty and joblessness result from individuals' failure to act on opportunities and that a lack of literacy and basic skills leads to unemployment. The second issue is that education's role in the work-first environment has been de-emphasized and its focus shifted from preparing people for jobs to providing training concurrent with jobs. Research suggests welfare-to-work programs that combine job-search assistance with education and training are more successful. The following are guidelines for welfare-to-work program development: collaborate with local agencies; focus on training for jobs with potential in the local labor market; include a combination of academic and occupational learning experiences designed to lead to further education and training; attend to instruction; and work to change current policies. (Contains 10 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, Educational Research, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Guidelines, Job Search Methods, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Outcomes of Education, Program Development, Role of Education, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
For full text: http://www.ericacve.org/fulltext.asp.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families