ERIC Number: ED440239
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Employment as a "Solution" to Welfare: Challenges over the Next Ten Years.
Bartik, Timothy J.
Employment Research, v7 n1 p1-4 Apr 2000
Recent reforms assume that welfare recipients can achieve employment if welfare agencies just give them a "push". Over the next ten years, the "employment solution" to welfare faces the following three challenges: (1) employing all employable welfare recipients; (2) helping them get and keep good jobs; and (3) reconstructing a safety net for those who cannot work. When a recession occurs, policies should limit the damage to the poor by expanding funding for welfare and jobs creation. Examples are provided of programs that enhance labor demand for welfare recipients, provide extra support for increased labor supply of welfare recipients, and more aggressively link labor demand and supply. The article advocates policies to increase job retention, training programs to increase wages, and suggests a disability program as a safety net. Political realities suggest that an employment policy for welfare recipients must be part of overall employment policies that benefit all Americans who have irregular jobs or low pay. (Contains 21 references.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Employment Services, Federal Aid, Futures (of Society), Government Role, Job Placement, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Public Policy, State Aid, Wages, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform
W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007. Tel: 616-343-4330; Fax: 616-343-7310; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, For full text: http://www.upjohn.org.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.