ERIC Number: ED440205
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Family Care or Foster Care? How State Policies Affect Kinship Caregivers. New Federalism: Issues and Options for States. Series A, No. A-34. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Boots, Shelley Waters; Geen, Rob
In 1997, the Urban Institute surveyed state foster care administrators to gather information on state policies for identifying, licensing, and financially supporting kinship care families. For purposes of this brief, "kinship care" refers to a child whose placement was arranged by child welfare authorities. States were found to differ in three primary ways: (1) who they consider eligible caregivers; (2) how they license or approve family members for caregiving; and (3) how they support kinship families within the child welfare system. Regardless of how states define kin, almost all give preference to relatives over non-kin foster parents and many work actively to recruit family members to care for children in the foster care system. Policies on treatment of the kinship care family also vary among states, but in general (41 states), kinship families are held to a less stringent standard for foster family eligibility than nonrelated foster families. However, about half of these states do not provide foster care payments to kinship families meeting a lower standard, resulting in large differences in the resources provided to public kinship care families. Federal and state kinship care policies are in flux. In a rapidly changing policy environment, with continuing interest in kinship care, states are likely to continue to face a complex array of options and incentives for financing public and private kinship care. (Contains 11 endnotes.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Welfare, Financial Support, Foster Care, Foster Family, Placement, Public Policy, Urban Schools
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687. For full text: http://newfederalism.urban.org/pdf/anf34.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.