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ERIC Number: ED440113
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The "Prospects" Study of Educational Growth and Opportunity: Overview of Study Design, Analysis Methods and Results.
Price, Cristofer; Karweit, Nancy
In 1988, Congress mandated a national longitudinal evaluation of the effects of the Title I program on students' academic achievement and classroom behavior. This paper presents an overview of the study design, analysis methods, and impact results for student achievement. The analysis used four types of designs to assess the impact of Title I: (1) statistical controls to account for differences between participants and nonparticipants; (2) post-hoc creation of a control group; (3) adding of an initial test score to the model; and (4) repeated measurements of students who received services in some, but not all, years. Data sources included surveys of nearly 40,000 students, and surveys of parents, teachers, principals, and district-level staff. Student achievement outcomes were analyzed in three-level hierarchical linear models in which repeated observations were clustered within students, and students were clustered within schools. Results also indicate that students who participated in Title I had lower standardized test scores and were rated by their teachers as lower achieving and exhibiting poorer classroom behavior than others. Growth curves of Title I students were parallel to, but not below, those of their peers. Results indicate that where students start is highly predictive of their performance in later grades, and that Title I services did not bridge the performance gap between low-achieving students in high poverty schools and their more advantaged classmates. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I