ERIC Number: ED439898
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
A New Look at Schools.
This book reexamines the meaning of education, and attempts to weave several major themes into a new model for education. Part 1 discusses the interrelatedness of culture, values, and learning. Three types of learning are self-motivated learning; instruction; and most importantly, model building, which is creating a meaningful structure or worldview for handling data. Each culture influences its people's model-building activity--this is acculturation. Part 2 divides cultures into three groups: preindustrial, industrial, and postindustrial. A preindustrial culture could depend on the assimilation of its values by youth in a natural unforced manner. An industrial culture cannot afford to do so because of tensions inherent in the lifestyle itself. The formal institution, "school," is one of the mechanisms created to shield children from alien values and expose them constantly to the culture. Schools channel children's energy towards the acquisition of skills needed in the economy. The essential nature of the learning process is strongly interfered with in industrial cultures. Postindustrial cultures are defined by freedom from physical exertion for survival necessities as a result of advances in communications, transportation, and production technologies; these cultures place high value on creativity, originality, curiosity, and wisdom. U.S. culture is making the transition to a postindustrial culture. Transitional schools that are fully democratic social organizations, and that allow self-motivated exploration, unfettered model-building, and play are needed. Appendices present publications of Sudbury Valley School dealing with educational philosophy, a summary of the theory of organic thinking, and the role of play at Sudbury Valley School (TD)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cultural Influences, Educational Change, Educational Needs, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Futures (of Society), Learning Theories, Role of Education, Social Change, Social Values, Socialization, Teacher Role, World Views
Sudbury Valley School Press, 2 Winch Street, Framingham, MA 01701 ($7). Tel: 508-877-3030.
Publication Type: Books; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A