ERIC Number: ED439869
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Increasing Caring and Reducing Violence in Rural Schools.
Schroth, Gwen; Fishbaugh, Mary Susan
This paper briefly reviews the literature on violence in rural schools and communities, as well as the causes of rural crime and violence. General demographic and economic characteristics of rural communities are listed, followed by facts on rural school enrollments, achievement, and funding. Recent changes in rural communities that might contribute to crime and violence include the diminishing influence of church, school, and family and the economic restructuring that is undermining sense of community and lessening local control. Rural America can no longer be characterized as a safe haven from crime and violence, but information on rural violence and rural school violence is limited. Data on rural crime rates are listed, followed by findings from three studies of rural school violence. These findings indicate that rural school violence is increasing; over half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls in a Texas study had been in a fight involving weapons; and most violence occurred in unsupervised areas such as hallways, restrooms, cafeteria, and locker rooms. Small schools may have advantages that improve school safety. Nine possible causes of rural violence are briefly discussed: culture of violence, poverty, urbanization, rapid economic and population change, organized crime, urban export of criminals, substance abuse, guns, and youth poverty. (Contains 21 references.) (SV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Capitalizing on Leadership in Rural Special Education: Making a Difference for Children and Families. Conference Proceedings (Alexandria, VA, March 16-18, 2000); see RC 022 337.