ERIC Number: ED439774
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
Community College Involvement in Welfare-to-Work. AACC Research Brief.
This brief reviews the key findings of the 1998 national survey conducted by the American Association of Community Colleges to examine the effect of welfare reform on community colleges, and compares them with a similar survey from fall 1997. It includes some background information on welfare policy, a profile of the welfare population served by community colleges, and examples of how community colleges have responded to the needs of the welfare population through welfare-to-work programs. A key finding is that 53.3% of responding community colleges have a state-funded welfare-to-work program, with an average 2.5% of their students enrolled in such programs. Since welfare reform took effect, more than 42% of community colleges have seen an increase in the number of students enrolled in welfare-to-work programs. Nearly 5% of students enrolled in credit and noncredit programs at community colleges receive welfare cash payments. Fifty-six percent of courses offered are credit courses; forty-four percent are noncredit courses. More than half of responding community colleges indicated they have a one-stop career center. Nearly 64% of welfare recipients enrolled lacked basic literary and numeric skills, and 63% lacked personal management skills. About 44% of community colleges cited job-readiness instruction as the most common type of activity for their welfare-to-work populations. Welfare-to-work programs primarily emphasize entry-level training, adult and remedial education, and basic technical training. (Contains 14 references and suggested readings.) (VWC)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Community Colleges, Continuing Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Enrollment, Job Placement, Job Skills, Job Training, Labor Force Development, Low Income Groups, Remedial Instruction, Student Needs, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Community Colleges, Washington, DC.