ERIC Number: ED439550
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Jan-27
Child Attachment and Family Environment Differences of Adolescent Children with ADHD and/or Conduct Disorder.
Garbarino, Jennifer; Thompson, Bruce
This study explored the development of attachment bonds in adolescents with diagnoses of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or conduct disorder (CD). Participants included 102 mother/adolescent-child dyads from both rural and metropolitan areas and from six states. Subjects had received an ADHD diagnosis, a CD diagnosis, or a diagnosis of both ADHD and CD. Three scales measured the child's or adolescent's attachment with his or her mother. Another three measures examined the mother's own attachment style, the mother's own ADHD status, and the mother's overall maternal psychomedical functioning. Effect sizes from a discriminant analysis were statistically significant. Two patterns of group differences were identified. First, the group of children and adolescents with only ADHD were most likely to be in families with more intimate social relationships and supports. Secondly, children with only CD tended to be in families with poorer affective quality of relationships and in which mothers had higher ADHD scores themselves and were more likely to have avoidant attachments. Results support the need for interventions to focus on family, parenting, and relational issues. (Contains 62 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (Dallas, TX, January 27-29, 2000).