ERIC Number: ED439547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Feb
Teach Children with Autism with the Discrete-Trial Approach.
Din, Feng S.; McLaughlin, Donna
This paper discusses the outcomes of a study that investigated whether applying the discrete-trial approach is effective in teaching children with autism to learn functional and pre-academic skills. Participants were four young children with autism (ages 3-4) attending a preschool special education program of an urban public school. Discrete-trial training with positive reinforcement was provided for 7 months to 1 year for approximately 1 hour per day. At the beginning of each training session, the teacher focused the child's attention, first by talking to the child and moving the child's face toward the teacher's face, then by verbally presenting a discriminative command to the child, waiting for the child to respond, and prompting as necessary. As soon as the child responded, the teacher made a rewarding remark and gave the child some tangible reward or a toy to play with for a brief moment. Children were taught to follow directions, identify objects, body parts, and action verbs, recognize functional vocabulary, and speak words and simple sentences. Results indicated that they all learned various functional and pre-academic skills and that two of the children learned to speak simple words and sentences. Graphs showing the children's progress are attached. (Contains 10 references.) (Author/CR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Eastern Educational Research Association (Clearwater, FL, February 16-19, 2000).