ERIC Number: ED439522
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Apr-20
Organizational Learning and the Culture of Reform: Operationalizing the "Organizations as Brains" Metaphor.
Goldman, Paul; Tindal, Gerald; McCullum, Nancy; Marr, Jerry
Gareth Morgan's "Images of Organization" introduces readers to "holographic organization" and explores his concepts of connectivity and redundancy, simultaneous specialization and generalization, minimum critical specification, and self-organization. This paper attempts to put these concepts into operation successfully by using data, surveys, interviews, observations, and focus groups of 4-year case studies from 2 restructuring elementary schools. The paper uses the data analyses, presentations, and published reports from the project's first 3 years to structure interview and focus-group discussions so teachers can identify and describe specific behaviors and understandings that portray the 4 components of the "brain" metaphor. The study seeks to determine if Morgan's concepts have empirical referents in public education and can be used for future research; to learn whether the concepts have actual meaning for practitioners as opposed to researchers; and to determine if schools that function as "brains" provide distinct and effective services for their students. Results suggest that, taken collectively, these narratives and survey responses partially validate Morgan's framework. (Contains 43 references.) (DFR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April 19-23, 1999).