ERIC Number: ED439477
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: N/A
The School Superintendency: Male Bastion or Equal Opportunity?
Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, v2 n2 Spr 1999
This paper outlines the basic tenets of occupational segregation. It examines Washington State's school labor markets, paying particular attention to where and in what proportions women participate. It questions, based on the state's track record, whether leadership roles in school districts remain male bastions, or whether they offer equal opportunities for women. It focuses on occupational segregation and how gender-based segregation occurs when women's work can be clearly distinguished from men's occupations and when concentrations of men and women appear at different levels in workplace hierarchies. Of the state's 289 school superintendents, 42, or 14 percent, are women. By district size, 43 percent of all female superintendents work in districts with 10 to 245 students. Larger districts, however, appear to have a strict occupational hierarchy in place. Although women fill 98 percent of all office and clerical positions in schools and provide schools with 93 percent of their aides, their numbers decline precipitously when the gender makeup of vice-principal and principal slots are considered. Men still control the vast majority of key leadership positions; the participation of women diminishes the higher up occupational hierarchy one moves. Furthermore, since men are most likely to head the largest districts, their salaries are typically higher than those of women. (MKW)
Descriptors: Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Instructional Leadership, Occupational Clusters, Sex Discrimination, Superintendents, Women Administrators
For full text: http://www.advancingwomen.com.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington