ERIC Number: ED439475
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Two Models of Educational Practice: Their Prevalence in the Public and Catholic Schools of Southwestern Pennsylvania.
Chandler, Louis A.
This paper reports on a survey of public and Catholic elementary schools in southwest Pennsylvania. The purpose of the study was to find out the extent to which various educational practices, association with those two types of schools, have been adopted in the schools and whether Catholic and public schools differ along a continuum of traditional/progressive educational practices. A survey instrument was constructed by identifying 10 current educational practices and then by enlisting a scholarly panel to refine the list. The resulting survey contained 10 educational practices having to do with instruction, reading, math, social studies, curriculum, outcomes, assessment, grades, standards, and the teacher's role. Results were obtained from a sample of 115 schools (56 public, 59 Catholic). Findings indicate that, on most dimensions of schooling, Catholic and public elementary schools do not significantly differ. However, some differences were found in instructional techniques and in expected outcomes. Catholic schools tended to rely more on traditional methods and direct instruction by the teacher, rather than on the type of self-directed student learning more widespread in public schools. Furthermore, Catholic schools were somewhat more progressive than public schools in adopting a "whole child" approach to child development. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Commonwealth Education Organization, Pittsburgh, PA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania